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3X3 Rubik's cube on a book - how to solve it?

How to Solve A 3×3 Rubik’s Cube

Getting to know your cube

Mindset is very critical in solving the Rubik’s cube. Learning how to solve it can be very problematic at first, but with perseverance and enough patience, you too can start solving the Rubik’s Cube with ease. Learning to solve Rubik’s cube means there are a few things you must learn to help with your solving.

There are a total of 3 horizontal layers (top, middle, and bottom layer) in a 3×3 Rubik’s cube. This guide helps in solving the Rubik’s cube one layer at a time.


  • each flat surface is a face
  • there are 6 faces on a Rubik’s cube


  • Centerpieces have one colored tile
  • there are 6 centerpieces
  • Centerpieces are single tiles fixed to the internal core


  • edges have two colored tiles
  • there are 12 edge pieces in a 3×3 Rubik’s cube


  • Corner pieces have 3 colored tiles
  • there are 8 corner pieces

 Algorithm Keys

  • U – up face > motion clockwise
  • D – Down face > motion Clockwise
  • L – Left face > motion clockwise
  • R- Right face > motion clockwise
  • F – Front face > motion clockwise
  • B – Back face > motion clockwise
  • number (1,2,3 and so on) > how many times you would turn the layers

U’, D’, F’, B’, R’, L’ means you have to turn the layers counterclockwise (‘) stands for prime or counterclockwise motion.

An Algorithm is order of moves, which you need to follow in specific sequence.

Solving the Rubik’s cube

The Daisy

The goal here is to get the four white-colored tiles around the yellow-colored tile in the center. Let’s begin by holding your Rubik’s cube with the yellow centerpiece on the UP(U) face. To begin with, hold the cube with the yellow center on the up face. Now find the 4 white edge pieces and move them so that they are all in the up face.

(Algorithm used is R’ U F’)

The White Cross

This particular step is mostly based on intuition. Find each of the white edge pieces and position them so that the white sticker is connected with the white centerpiece, and their side stickers also connect with the matching side centerpieces.

It’s hard to make a white cross because there is no formula to it, but once you learn how to do this, it will be easy and faster next time you do it. Find the white centerpiece. The next thing to do is flip your Rubik’s cube over to make sure the white centerpiece is in the bottom then from the white cross there. Look at the white edge pieces; make sure it’s aligned to the same color in the centerpiece. Repeat it for all the edge piece bottom until it’s all matched in the centerpiece. Take the four white edges that surround the yellow centerpiece. Next, flip the cube to the other side, giving you a white cross. Put the daisy you have made on top, then turn the top until the edge piece sticker is facing the matching color on the middle sticker. It sits on the blue-colored edge tile should be over the blue middle tile. Turn that side two times or 180 degrees. Do this to all 4 edge pieces.

White Corners

To do this, find a corner piece that has a white sticker on it. Turn the side until it matches the centerpiece beside it. For example, if the white corner tile has orange and blue in it, you have to put it between the orange and blue face, etc. If the white corner is on the right, all you have to do is face the white sticker towards you, then execute this algorithm: U’ L’ U L if the white corner tile is in the opposite direction(left), execute this algorithm: U R U’ R’. Do this in all 4 corners until you solve the first layer.

Second Layer

In this step, you must turn the cube so that the white layer faces downward. You must then find four edge pieces to complete the second layer. Position them so that the colors match the centerpieces and are directly above them. Your objective is to connect the edge pieces to the side centerpieces.

There are two cases:

Case 1 is where you need to position the edge piece to the left

Case 2 is where you need to position the edge piece to the right

This is where algorithms are needed. Perform the following algorithm

Case 1: U’ L’ U L U F U’ F’

Case 2: U R U’ R’ U’ F’ U F

There are 4 cases you will be facing after you finish the second layer

One layer is done to execute this algorithm in 3 cases

( F R U R’ UR’ F’) repeat it until you have a yellow cross on the top of your Rubik’s cube.


Case 1: L-shape

Case 2: Straight line

Case 3: Dot

Case 4: Yellow cross (you may proceed to the next steps if this is the case)

Position the Yellow Corners

Do the following algorithm below:

R U R’ U R U2 R’. There should be two cases in this step:

Case 1: Fish shape (perform the sequence once)

Case 2: Yellow cross (perform the sequence twice)

If the 2 corners are already matched, face the cube against you and perform the following algorithm R’ (F R’ B2 R F’ R’ B2 R2)

If there are no matches color, calculate the solution, do the following algorithm:

(F R U’ R’ U’ R U R’ F’ R U R’ U’ R’ F R F’)

Position the yellow edges

If one of the edge pieces is correctly positioned, hold that face away from you. Execute either of these algorithms:

(F2 U L R’ F2 L’ R U F2 or F2 U’ L R’ F2 L’ R U’ F2.)


Congratulations for solving your Rubik’s cube. Try speed cubing next!

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